Burnett Bolloten’s The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution is a monument of dedicated scholarship that is not likely to be replaced. The best. This monumental book offers a comprehensive history and analysis of Republican political life during the Spanish Civil War. Completed by Burnett Bolloten jus. Burnett Bolloten was a writer and scholar of the Spanish Civil War.

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This monumental book offers a comprehensive history and analysis of Republican political life during the Spanish Civil War.

Completed by Burnett Bolloten just before his death in”The Spanish Civil War” is the culmination of fifty years of dedicated and painstaking bkrnett.

While Bolloten’s earlier works — “The Grand Camouflage” and “The Spanish Revolution” — ended with the controversial events in May”The Spanish Civil War” covers the entire period from to and is the most exhaustive study on the subject in any language.

It will be regarded as the authoritative political byrnett of the war and an indispensable encyclopedic guide to Republican affairs during the Spanish conflict.

Burnett Bolloten – Wikiwand

Using bollotem documentation from a vast collection of primary sources that he accumulated over the years, Bolloten develops two general themes.

First, he meticulously charts the depth and scope of the popular revolution unleashed by the July military rebellion, showing that — despite elaborate attempts by some Republican groups to minimize its significance — the revolution dramatically reshaped the architecture of politics in the Republican zone. Revolutionary committees sprang up in countless villages and towns, creating new structures of economic and political power, bolliten controlled and directed by workers’ organizations.

Second, Bolloten argues that the fierce struggle for political hegemony on the left led to the rise in power and influence of the Spanish Communist party.

He documents precisely how the Communists managed either to eliminate or absorb their opponents on the left, including Anarchosyndicalists, dissident Marxists, Socialists, and liberal Republicans. Backed by the prestige and material resources of the Soviet Union, the Communists gained decisive control over nearly every phase of public life.

Underpinning Bolloten’s analysis of the Communists’ rise to prominence is his carefully researched discussion of international diplomacy during this period. I really do encourage anyone with an interest in the Spanish Revolution to read this book. It’s totally solid in terms of the information on the revolutionary achievements inthough Bolloten levels certain liberal criticism at the revolutionaries for violence against landlords and agrarian petty bourgeois types.

The book’s greatest strength is how clearly it captures the political dynamics within the Republic and specifically the PCE’s murderous realpolitik–interestingly, the PCE’s virtual takeover of the Republic is framed as sort of a dry run in practice but not intended as such for the methods used by the CPs in the Eastern Bloc after WWII.

Bolloten also spends a great deal of time time untangling the interests of the various European powers in the Spanish Civil War.

Top notch account of the period and left me with an even lower opinion of the Spanish Stalinists. The Stansted 15 protesters, who stopped a government deportation flight from taking off in March last year, have today been found guilty of breaching terror laws.

A friendly critique of the “Occupy” movements which urges the protesters to question their assumptions. The history of a naval mutiny of French troops sent to intervene in Russia against the revolution.

Initiated by a group of anarchist sailors, the revolt spread to other ships – so preventing The libcom library contains nearly 20, articles. If it’s your first time on the site, or you’re looking for something specific, it can be difficult to know where to start. Luckily, there’s a range of ways you can filter the library content to suit your needs, from casual browsing to researching a particular topic.

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Buy Used and Save: Buy a Used “Extech HD CFM/CMM Thermo- Anemometer with Built- ” and save 42% off the $ list price. Buy with confidence as. Buy, Rent, or Calibrate the Extech HD Thermo-Anemometer Cfm/Cmm + IR Therm at Transcat. Free Shipping. Order Now!. Buy, Rent, or Calibrate the Extech HDNIST CFM/CMM Thermo-Anemometer at Transcat. Free Shipping. Order Now!.

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After being accepted at a performing arts school, Emme, Carter, Sophie, and Ethan form friendships and begin to reassess their goals as musicians and actors . Take a Bow by Elizabeth Eulberg, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Four students at a high school for the performing arts find that sometimes life’s most important auditions happen off-stage.

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A funny, fantastic debut! Elizabeth Eulberg was born and raised in Elizzabeth before heading off to college in Syracuse and making a career in the New York City book biz. You can find her on the Web at www. Would you like to tell us about a lower price?

If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Emme has long lived in her best friend Sophie’s shadow.

She writes songs, and Sophie sings them. It’s always been like this, and feels like it always will be. Sophie will stop at nothing to be a star. Even if it means using her best friend and picking up a trophy tkae, Carter. Carter is a victim x a particular Hollywood curse: He’s a former child star. Now all he wants is a normal life. But being normal is about as hard for him as being famous. Ethan has his own issues — a darkness in his head that he just can’t shake.

He’s managed to sabotage every relationship he’s ever been in. Emme’s the only girl he’s ever really respected. Read more Read less.

Discover Prime Book Box for Kids. Add all three to Cart Add all three to List. Some of these items ship sooner than the others. Buy the selected items together This item: Ships from and sold by Amazon.

Customers who bought this item also bought. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Revenge of the Girl With the Great Personality. Elizaberh Lonely Hearts Club.

Product details Age Range: Scholastic Paperbacks February 1, Language: Start reading Take a Bow wulberg your Kindle in under a minute. Don’t have a Kindle?

Take a Bow : Elizabeth Eulberg :

Our favorite toys for everyone on your list Top Kid Picks. Try the Kindle edition and experience these great reading features: Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Read reviews that mention take a bow high school performing arts elizabeth eulberg senior year best friend emme and ethan york city new york creative and performing even though prom and prejudice arts school arts high senior showcase lonely hearts hearts club city high points of view write songs.

Showing of 44 reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Take a Bow by Elizabeth Eulburg was a fun and fast read.

I thought the plot was interesting. Four students attend a very prestigious and challenging music school to follow their dreams. I enjoyed seeing through those four pairs of eyes about how it’s like to attend a school for it’s music and other programs drama, art, etc. You can really learn something from these four characters: And who has feelings for Emme but doesn’t know what to do about it.

So like I said, Take a Bow was a fun and fast read. I did enjoy it but I found myself annoyed more than eulbwrg few times. What I found annoying was Emme. She’s the sweet and shy girl who everyone likes but I found her kinda annoying. Not only is her personality sweet and shy it’s also quite dense. She doesn’t really see how her “best friend” Sophie really uses and abuses her.

Then when she finds out who the real Sophie is she claims to herself she knew that Sophie changed but made excuses for her. I didn’t really believe that. It took almost until the end of the book for Emme to finally realize Sophie isn’t her best friend anymore just a jealous girl. Not only is Takr dense in one relationship but in two. She doesn’t realize until later that Ethan is her real best friend and then later realizes he’s in love with her.

Am I the only one who saw that Emme also kinda used and abuses Ethan? She doesn’t want to be front stage so she and the guys in their band make Ethan front man but she’s harsh to him when he messes up in the band. Still I do admit she was right in doing the Mount Emme thing since Ethan did deserve a tongue lashing but she does insult too.

She also helps Sophie cheat by playing Ethan’s song so Sophie has an edge. I was mad that Ethan didn’t yell at her for that. I do like Emme as a character but I found that she was to dense for me to really like her. I think she was also too high and mighty especially concerning Ethan. I give this book three stars.

One eulbberg found this helpful. Let me just preface this by saying that I eliizabeth did leizabeth the book. The story unfolds with four perspective voices.

There’s Sophie, Carter, Ethan and Emme. Each chapter is from a different perspective character which still elizaveth the plot along in a linear bw. I liked way the story was told. The voice was always fresh and new because it would be four chapters until we came back to that character’s chapter again.

And I liked that I could see the story through not just one pair of eyes. It was very well crafted. I do have to say though, that starting out, the only character Elziabeth really liked was Ethan. I couldn’t stand Sophie.

She’s so completely absorbed in her own talent and importance. She sees eizabeth world as elizaebth stage and all the little people help her reach her goals. She has drawn out a plan to become famous, which also includes those around her. She uses every one she knows to her own end like she has the right to because she deserves it. An elizabeyh is her relationship with Emme. She is Emme’s best friend, but I can’t say the feeling is mutual.

Take a Bow by Elizabeth Eulberg

Emme is a songwriter and she needs Emme to be a part of the plan so Emme will write songs for her to sing. No one can write songs like Emme can or make Sophie sound as dynamic as Emme does with her music. Emme doesn’t sing her own songs because Sophie has convinced her that she doesn’t sing very well. As it turns out, Emme does have a decent voice, but then she becomes competition.

Even Sophie’s choice in boyfriends is calculated. She is dating Carter who is a child star and currently starring in a soap opera. She like dating Carter because they go out often to premiers and such and there are lots of photo ops to get her face out there and her name. Carter is just one of the stepping stones that will help Sophie achieve her dream of fame bod success. I found nothing at all endearing about her, but the character was very elizbaeth written.

Take a Bow

Carter is a bit more sympathetic. He is going through an identity crisis realizing that he really doesn’t enjoy acting.

It is unfortunate because no one will allow him the opportunity to explore any other career path other than acting. In any of the school productions, he is always told he is going to be doing a scene from a play. Even when he tried to suggest another talent to showcase, he was basically shut down. He feels trapped by a future he no longer wants and has no idea how to extricate himself from the situation he has found himself in. He finds that he is not just acting on the set, but he’s acting through life.

Playing the perfect boyfriend, playing the perfect student, playing the perfect son.


Die Architektur Der Stadt (English, German, Book) / Author: Aldo Rossi ; ; Architectural structure & design, Architecture, Arts & Architecture. – Buy Die Architektur Der Stadt (Bauwelt Fundamente) book online at best prices in India on Read Die Aldo Rossi (Author). Be the first. Die Architektur Der Stadt: Skizzen Zu Einer Grundlegenden Theorie Des Urbanen: Aldo Rossi: Books –

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Authentic Thaumaturgy [Isaac Bonewits] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A real world look at magic from Isaac Bonewits who carries a. Here’s an excerpt from the Second Edition of Authentic Thaumaturgy, my book on magic and religion for players of fantasy games such as. Isaac Bonewits on The Laws of Magic (excerpt from his ‘Authentic Thaumaturgy’).

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Authentic Thaumaturgy

Bonewits is, at least, professionally qualified to write it: Fantasy Modern day Generic. This may seem an unusual approach, but then the author does an admirable job of showing how these may be extrapolated into almost any sort of spell effect, ranging from the traditional to the experimental that give GMs headaches when their players discover them.

Both of these are well worth examining in search of new spell effects, though I worry that they might be so powerful that no one will even think of throwing a magical attack at someone. The spell system itself is, at its heart, a simple thing.

The magical strength and power inherent in a character is then determined, as is the maximum percentage chance that the player will succeed in a spell. Converting an existing character to the new system is more difficult, as it involves determining which powers the character already has and transferring them. When casting a spell, the character attempts to tap into various magical laws to raise their chances charming a dragon is easier with a dragon bone wand, for instanceand tries to channel more power, or mana, for the effect.

The player rolls d, trying to roll under a percentage, and if successful spends the required amount of magic power to accomplish the effect.

Calaméo – Autentic Thaumaturgy

What are the basic laws of magic? Why does it work the way it does? Who should be allowed to perform it?

What factors make a spell to succeed, and which cause failure? Bonewits presents full yet easily understood answers to all of these. All of these topics are approached with logic and not a little humor.

The book goes on to discuss clerics, who are simply magicians who can tap into their god for extra powers. The basic point of this section is one that will be familiar to many veteran players, but the explanation is clearer than any other I have seen.

I am not entirely certain why this should not also authenitc to concepts such as dragons or aliens, but it might explain why few gamers of my acquaintance have normal lives. This is probably instituted for game balance, but I wish a more elegant way to handle it had been included.

I should note Mr. As to presentation, most of the art is done in imitation of old woodcuts. Along the top and bottom thaumaturgu each page are curious characters which, according to Bonewits, spell out messages.

Authentic Thaumaturgy: Reviews

I tried to decipher them, but failed utterly. However, if you like to tinker with your magical system, if you run a campaign in which wizards play a major role, or if you want to read a book that has influenced countless game designers since its first publication, this is an uathentic addition to your library. You may not use all of it, but borrowing even a few elements should add to the richness of your game.

Is having access to this material worth a few dollars, punts, pounds, or euros to you?

Autentic Thaumaturgy

Click the button to make a fast and secure donation to Isaac and Phaedra Bonewits, so they can afford to keep this website going and growing! Kenneth Hite in Mania Magazine: Daniel Harms on RPGnet: We use PayPal and we recommend it! Back to the T.


Title, Anatomia: descriptiva, topografica y funcional: miembros superiores. Author , Alain Bouchet. Publisher, Médica Panamericana, Export Citation. Anatomia de Los Miembros Superiores by Alain Bouchet at – ISBN X – ISBN – Editorial Medica. Anatomia de Los Miembros Superiores (Spanish Edition). Alain Bouchet. 1 ratings by Goodreads. ISBN X / ISBN Published.

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Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Los defectos resultantes pueden cubrirse mediante colgajos libres o pediculados de brazo y antebrazo. Following the development of the transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous TRAM flap, the lower abdomen has been anatoomia as a prime source of high quality autogenous tissue, especially useful in breast reconstruction.

More recently, the ability to harvest a similar adipocutaneous component without sacrifice of the rectus muscle has revolutionized the field of reconstructive surgery. The advent of perforator flaps superioe allowed plastic surgeons to achieve the same highly esthetic results as with the former myocutaneous flaps while significantly decreasing the donor site morbidity. With the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator DIEP flap and. A case of a double variant of the arterial system in the upper extremity: Arteria brachialis accessoria et arteria comitans nervi mediani.

Coincidences of two different variants are rather rare. We present a case of the coincidental presence of arteria brachialis accessoria stemming from the arteria axillaris and reuniting with the arteria brachialis 1. Such coincidence has never been reported before.

Diagnostic evaluation of rare lesions of the arteria poplitea. Clinical and radiological findings of six patients are discussed who, due to a anatomla pathology of the arteria poplitea, developed claudicatio primarily in the lower leg. The outstanding diagnostic value of MR angiography combined with MR imaging is explained. Good knowledge of the specific pathology of the arteria poplitea is pre-requisite of efficient diagnostic evaluation, and prevention of thromboembolic complications, or ineffective therapy.

La arteria maxilar pasaba profunda con respecto al nervio dentario inferior pero superficial al nervio lingual. Variations in the course of the maxillary artery are often described with its relations to the lateral pterygoid muscle.

In the present case we report a unique variation in the course of the maxillary artery which was not reported before. In a 75 years old male cadaver the right maxillary artery passed through the loop of the auriculotemporal nerve.

The middle meningeal artery was arising from the maxillary artery within the nerve loop of auriculotemporal nerve. Further the maxillary artery passed deep to the inferior alveolar nerve but superficial to the lingual nerve.

The knowledge of these variations is important for surgeons and it would also explain the possible involvement of these variations in etiology of the craniomandibular pain.

Plummer-Vinson syndrome combined with arteria lusoria. Role of X-ray methods in diagnosis of Plummer-Vinson syndrome combined with arteria lusoria is described. X-ray patterns of esophagus illustrating its pathological changes are presented. Concrete recommendations for diagnosis of the above-mentioned disease in supeiror out X-ray investigations are given.

Arteria sinuosa del colon: Perforation suuperior inferior nouchet nerve by maxillary artery. Infratemporal fossa is clinically important anatomical area for the delivery of local anesthetic agents in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. Variations in the anatomy of the inferior alveolar nerve and maxillary artery were studied in infratemporal dissection. During routine dissection of the head in an adult male cadaver an superipr variation in the origin of the inferior alveolar nerve and its relationship with the surrounding structures was observed.

The inferior alveolar nerve originated from the mandibular nerve by two roots and the first part of the maxillary artery was incorporated between them. An embryologic origin of this variation and its clinical implications is discussed.

Because the maxillary artery runs between the two roots of. The most frequent causes were the bleeding cervix carcinoma and peripheral sepsis, the latter being combined with abdominal hysterectomy. No complications were found in the original procedure. Optimal results in controlling bleeding or preventing it were obtained. Brachiomedian artery arteria brachiomediana revisited: Full Text Available This article reviews in detail the superficial brachiomedian artery arteria brachiomediana superficialis, a very rare variant of the main arterial trunks of the upper limb.

It branches either from the axillary artery or the brachial artery, descends superficially in the arm similar to the course of the superficial brachial artery and continues across the cubital fossa, runs superficially in the forearm, approaches the median nerve and enters the carpal canal to reach the hand.

It usually terminates in the superficial palmar arch. The first drawing was published, inand the first description was published, in Altogether, to our knowledge, only 31 cases of a true, superficial brachiomedian artery have been reported Some cases are incorrectly reported as superficial brachioradiomedian artery or superficial brachioulnomedian artery.

Based on a meta-analysis boucuet known, available studies, the incidence is 0. Knowing whether or not this arterial variant is present is important in clinical medicine and relevant for: The catheterization via the radial or ulnar artery; harvesting the vascular pedicle for a forearm flap based on the radial, ulnar or superficial brachiomedian arteries; the possible collateral circulation in cases of the arterial closure; and the surgical management of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Its presence can elevate the danger of an injury to the superficially located variant artery or of an accidental injection. Para su tratamiento se ha utilizado el concepto Bobath. Durante el mismo, tuvo una frecuencia de tres sesiones por semana de 45 minutos durante cuatro meses. El paciente mostraba como problema principal, un pie con gran tendencia al equ Finalmente nuestra mortalidad es del 0 por ciento.

Full Text Available Antecedentes. Se estudiaron 88 arterias nodales de corazones obtenidos como material de autopsia. Full Text Available La arteria vertebral es una de las arterias que irriga el cerebro. El suuperior y recorrido de la arteria vertebral en el lado derecho fue normal. Vertebral artery is one of the arteries supplying the brain. Knowledge of the normal and variant superiog of the vertebral artery assumes importance in clinical practice and vascular radiology.

Alain Bouchet (Author of Anatomia del Sistema Nervioso Central)

Anomalous origins of the vertebral artery from the arch of the aorta or any one of the arteries of the neck have been reported by several authors.

In this report a variation of the prevertebral course of the left vertebral artery is being presented. The Vertebral artery had usual origin from the subclavian artery and had a longer prevertebral course to enter the foramen transversarium of the CII vertebra.

The origin and course of the vertebral artery on the right side was normal. It is clinically important to know the origin and course of the prevertebral segment of the vertebral artery and possible variations.

Anatomia de Los Miembros Superiores (English, Spanish, Paperback)

The present report should be of interest for clinicians with regard to vascular variations in the neck and thoracic. La arteria radial puede ser una alternativa a la vena safena.

Sin embargo, las variaciones en su origen y trayectoria son poco frecuentes.

Careful dissection of the posterior one third of the superficial part of the submandibular salivary gland is one of the essential surgical steps in endoscopic glandular excision, to avoid injury to the facial artery. A sound knowledge of unusual relationship of the facial artery with the submandibular salivary gland is essentially important to perform the safe and efficient submandibular gland excision.

Different types of variations in the branching pattern of the facial artery have been reported in the past. However, variations in the origin and course of the facial artery are very rare. Full Text Available El pseudo-aneurisma de arteria coronaria es extremadamente raro.

Su historia natural es poco conocida y su tratamiento discutido. Efecto de la endotelina-1 sobre las arterias tumorales de pacientes con neoplasia colorrectal Effect of endothelin-1 on tumor arteries in patients with colorectal cancer.

Endothelin-1 is an endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptide whose plasma levels are increased in patients with colorectal cancer, and which may be involved in tumor blood flow regulation.

Arteries were prepared for isometric tension recording in an organ bath, and in this preparation it was found that endothelin-1 induced contraction in all three. Variables such as age, sex, preoperative neurologic state, surgical moment, complications and status on discharge were analyzed.

Aneurysmatic dissection of an aberrant right subclavian artery; Disseziierendes Aneurysma einer aberranten Arteria subclavia dextra: An aneurysm of an aberrant right subclavian artery is a very rare cause for dysphagia. We describe such a case in a year-old patient, diagnosed with Ultrafast-CT and discuss it together in concert with the embryology and the radiological findings.

Anhand eines 67jaehrigen Patienten werden Embryologie und radiologische Charakteristika, diagnostiziert mittels Ultrafast-CT, diskutiert. How Science Got Women Wrong and the New Research That’s Rewriting the Story, author Angela Saini puts forward the idea that bad science has been used to endorse the cultural prejudice that women are both biologically and psychologically second rate to men.

Sintetizamos la patogenia de los aneurismas en cuatro hechos fundamentales: Isolated inferior mesenteric portal hypertension with giant inferior mesenteric vein and anomalous inferior mesenteric vein insertion. Full Text Available Extrahepatic portal hypertension is not an uncommon disease in childhood, but isolated inferior mesenteric portal varices and lower gastrointestinal GI bleed have not been reported till date. A 4-year-old girl presented with lower GI bleed.

Surgical exploration revealed extrahepatic portal vein obstruction with giant inferior mesenteric vein and colonic varices. Inferior mesenteric vein was joining the superior mesenteric vein. The child was treated successfully with inferior mesenteric – inferior vena caval anastomosis.

The child was relieved of GI bleed during the follow-up. Endovascular treatment of splenic artery aneurysms; Trattamento endovascolare degli aneurismi dell’ arteria splenica. Cattedra di radiologia; Castelli, Patrizio [Insubria Univ. It ensures good immediate and long term results, and no doubt presents some advantages in comparison to surgical treatment, as it less invasive and allows the preservation of splenic function.

Verificare l’efficacia del trattamento endovascolare degli aneurismi dell’ arteria splenica AAS. Nel periodo compreso tra maggio e giugno sono stati trattati 11 AAS veri in 9 pazienti 7 femmine e 2 maschi; eta media 58 anni8 sacciformi e 3 fusiformi, 4 localizzati al tratto medio, 5 al tratto distale e 2 intrasplenici.

Quattro AAS sono stati esclusi mediante embolizzazione della sacca con microspirali, con preservazione della continuita dell’asse vascolare; in 2 casi e stata associata l’iniezione transcatetere di cianoacrilato.

In 4 casi e stata effettuata una legatura endovascolare, con ischemia settoriaie della milza.

arterias suprarrenales inferiores: Topics by

Un AAS fisstirato e stato trattato in urgenza con embolizzazione massiva mediante cianoacrilato dell’ arteria splenica. I 2 aneurismi intrasplenici sono stati esclusi, l’uno mediante embolizzazione dell’ arteria afferente con cianoacrilato e l’altro con iniezione transcatetere di trombina nella sacca aneurismatica. Le complicanze riscontrate sono state: Sumergieron estas ultimas en una emulsion nuclear Ilford K2 ”gel form” y los mantuvieron durante 21 dias a 4 Degree-Sign C para lograr la identificacion de cortisona y Cortisol tritiados y de otros esteroides durante el proceso fotografico.


safely – Meaning in Gujarati, what is meaning of safely in Gujarati dictionary, . sailor – Meaning in Gujarati, what is meaning of sailor in Gujarati dictionary, . visitors – Meaning in Gujarati, what is meaning of visitors in Gujarati dictionary, .

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It is a variant of Devanagari script differentiated shabdkosn the loss of the characteristic horizontal line running above the letters and by a number of modifications to some characters. Gujarati numerical digits are also different from their Devanagari counterparts. Gujarati script is descended from Brahmi and is part of the Brahmic family. The Gujarati script was adapted from the Devanagari script to write the Gujarati language. Gujarati language and script developed in three distinct phases — 10th to 15th century, 15th to 17th century and 17th to 19th century.

Gujaratilexicon Projects

The first phase is marked by use of PrakritApabramsa and its variants such as PaisaciShauraseniMagadhi and Maharashtri.

In second phase, Old Gujarati script was in wide use.

The earliest known document in the Old Gujarati script is a handwritten manuscript Adi Parva dating from —92, and the script first appeared in print in a advertisement. The third phase is the use of script developed for ease and fast writing. The use of shirorekha the topline as in Sanskrit was abandoned. Until the 19th century it was used mainly for writing letters and keeping accounts, while the Devanagari script was used for literature and academic writings.

This script became basis for modern script. Later the same script was adopted by writers of manuscripts. Jain community also promoted its use for copying religious texts by hired writers. For postconsonantal vowels other than athe consonant is applied with diacriticswhile for non-postconsonantal vowels initial and post-vocalic positionsthere are full-formed characters. Following out of the aforementioned property, consonants lacking a proceeding vowel may condense into the proceeding consonant, forming compound or conjunct letters.

The formation of these conjuncts follows a system of rules depending on the consonants involved.

In accordance with all the other Indic scriptsGujarati is written from left to right, and is not case-sensitive. The Gujarati script is basically phonemicwith a few exceptions.

Secondly and most importantly, being of Sanskrit-based Devanagari, Gujarati’s script retains notations for the obsolete short i, u vs. Contemporary Gujarati uses European punctuationsuch as the question markexclamation markcommaand full stop.

Apostrophes are used for the rarely written clitic. Quotation marks are not as often used for direct quotes. The full stop replaced the traditional vertical barand the colonmostly obsolete in its Sanskritic capacity see belowfollows the European usage.

The Zoroastrians of India, who represent one of the largest surviving Zoroastrian communities worldwide, would transcribe Avestan in Brahmi -based scripts as well as the Avestan alphabet. This is a relatively recent development first seen in the ca. Today, Avestan is most commonly typeset in Gujarati script Gujarati being the traditional language of the Indian Zoroastrians.

Miller presented a theory that the indigenous scripts of Sumatra IndonesiaSulawesi Indonesia and the Philippines are descended from an early form of the Gujarati script. Historical records show that Gujaratis played a major role in the archipelago, where they were manufacturers and played a key role in introducing Shahdkosh. Only in verse do syllables containing them assume the values required by meter.

In sequence, these categories are: Among the first five groups, which contain the stopsthe ordering starts with the unaspirated voicelessthen goes on through aspirated voiceless, unaspirated voicedand aspirated voiced, ending with the Nasal stops.

As mentioned, successive consonants lacking a vowel in between them may physically join together as a ‘conjunct’. The government of these clusters ranges from widely to narrowly applicable rules, with special exceptions within.

While standardized for the most part, there are certain variations in clustering, of which the Unicode used on this page is just one scheme. The role and nature of Sanskrit must be taken into consideration to understand the occurrence of consonant clusters. The orthography of written Sanskrit was completely phonetic, and had a tradition of not separating words by spaces.

Morphologically it was highly syntheticand it had a great capacity to form large compound bujarati.

BhagavadGoMandal Online :: Home :: ભગવદ્રોમંડલ, ભગવદ્ગોમંદલ

Thus clustering was highly frequent, and it shabskosh Sanskrit loanwords to the Gujarati language that are the grounds of most clusters. Gujarati, on the other hand, is more analytichas phonetically smaller, simpler words, and shabdoosh a script whose orthography is slightly imperfect a -elision and separates words by spaces. Thus evolved Gujarati words are less a cause for clusters.

The same can be said of Gujarati’s other longstanding source of words, Persianwhich also provides phonetically smaller and simpler words. An example attesting to this general theme is that of the series of d- clusters. These are essentially Shabdkoshh clusters, using the original Devanagari forms.

There are no cluster forms for formations such as dtadkaetc. Gujarati is romanized throughout Wikipedia in “standard orientalist ” transcription as outlined in Masica Being “primarily a system of transliteration from the Indian scripts, [and] based in turn upon Sanskrit ” cf. IASTthese are its salient features: Tildes denote nasalized vowels and underlining denotes murmured vowels.

Vowels and consonants are outlined in the tables below. Hovering the mouse cursor over them will reveal the shwbdkosh IPA symbol. Finally, there are three Wikipedia-specific additions: See Gujarati phonology for further clarification. Gujarati script was added to the Unicode Standard in October, with the release of version 1. Further details regarding how to use Unicode for creating Gujarati script can be found on Wikibooks: How to use Unicode in creating Gujarati script.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. gjarati

visitors – meaning in Gujarati

The Times of India. Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society.

List of states of India by number of Gujarati speakers Writers. Types of writing systems. History of writing Grapheme. Jurchen Khitan large script Sui Tangut. Japanese Korean Two-Cell Chinese. Accessible publishing Braille literacy RoboBraille.

Gukarati Emoji iConji Leet Unicode. Padonkaffsky jargon Russian Translit Volapuk. Languages portal India portal. Retrieved from ” https: Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 21 Octoberat By using this shabdkoah, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

This gujarato contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help: The Brahmic script and its descendants. Represents vowel nasality ahabdkosh the nasal stop homorganic with the following stop. A silent, rarely used Sanskrit holdover originally representing [h]. Strikes out a consonant’s inherent a.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gujarati script. Overview History of writing Grapheme.


John Steinbeck (). The Chrysanthemums ~ A Classic American Short Story by John Steinbeck (). The high grey-flannel fog of winter closed . Free summary and analysis of the events in John Steinbeck’s The Chrysanthemums that won’t make you snore. We promise. The Chrysanthemums and Other Stories has ratings and 29 reviews. Sabrina said: This review is solely based on the short story “The Chrysanthemums” as.

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Lone Star College is conducting information sessions for businesses interested in becoming a vendor and doing business. John Steinbeck’s short story “The Chrysanthemums” is about a steinebck, strong woman named Elisa Allen who feels frustrated with her present life.

Her frustration stems from not having a child and from her husband’s failure to admire her romantically as a woman.

Classes Cancelled

The only outlet for her frustration is her flower garden where she cultivates beautiful chrysanthemums. Steinbeck uses chrysanthemums as symbols of the inner-self of Elisa and of every woman.

First, the chrysanthemums symbolize Elisa’s children. She tends her garden and handles the chrysanthemums with love and care, just as she would handle her own children. Elisa is very protective of her flowers and places a wire fence around them; she makes sure “[n]o aphids, no sowbugs or snails or cutworms” are there.

These pests represent natural harm to the flowers, and, just as any good mother, she removes them before they can harm her children. The chrysanthemums are symbolic of her children, and she is very proud of them.

Steimbeck Elisa’s husband compliments her on her flowers, she is proud, and “on her face there [is] a little smugness” She is steingeck and pleased by her ability to nurture these beautiful flowers. Elisa’s pride in her ability to grow such beautiful flowers reinforces the fact that the flowers are a replacement for her children.

In the second part of the story, the chrysanthemums come to symbolize Elisa’s femininity and sexuality. The portrait of Elisa caring for the flowers as though they steinbec, her children is clearly a feminine image, but her masculine image is also observed in her “hard-swept and hard-polished” home This image is carried over into her relationship with her husband.

Elisa feels that Henry doesn’t recognize or appreciate her femininity, and this steinbeci causes her to be antagonistic towards him. There is an undercurrent of resentment towards her husband.

Henry fails to see his short-comings, but Elisa fails to point them out to him. There is tseinbeck distinct lack of harmony between them, which causes Elisa to become discontented with Henry. On observing her prize flowers, all Henry can say is, “I wish you’d work out in the orchard and raise some apples that big” Henry’s inability to understand Elisa’s needs leaves her vulnerable in her encounter with the tinker.

The meeting with the tinker renews Elisa’s feelings of femininity and sexuality as a woman. Her resistance to his mundane matters disappears after the tinker romantically describes the chrysanthemums as a “quick puff of colored smoke” By admiring the chrysanthemums, he figuratively admires her.

The chrysanthemums symbolize her sexuality, and she “[tears] off the battered hat and [shakes] out her dark pretty hair” With a few well-placed words from eteinbeck tinker, her masculine image has been replaced with a feminine one.

Symbolism in “The Chrysanthemums”

The tinker is a catalyst in Elisa’s life. By giving him the red flower pot with the chrysanthemums, she gives him the symbol of chrysantheemum inner-self. She begins to feel hope for herself and her marriage as the tinker leaves.

She sees a “bright direction” and a new beginning for her marriage.

The encounter with the tinker gives Elisa hope and causes her to prepare for a more fulfilling life. After the tinker leaves, Elisa bathes, scrubbing herself “with a little block of pumice, legs and thighs, loins and chest and arms, until her skin was scratched and red” Elisa sheds her old self by scrubbing and brings new life and change. She prepares for her night out with her husband. She dresses, lingering in front of the mirror and admires her body, her femininity.

She puts on sheer stockings and a beautiful dress and leisurely applies her make-up. She is looking forward to her evening with her husband. She hopes Henry will recognize her needs as a woman and provide her with the romance and excitement for which she longs.

However, this hope is quickly dashed. Henry’s best compliment on her appearance after she has changed is: This unflattering remark on her appearance chrysanthfmum do much for Elisa’s ego as a woman.

Her hope is finally crushed when she steinbeco the flowers on the road. She feels devastated by the tinker’s thoughtless rejection of her very soul.

He, like her husband, has failed to appreciate the very qualities that make her unique as a woman. This one symbolic act has left her with no hope. She realizes that her life is not going to change.

Her femininity and sexuality are never going to be fully appreciated nor understood by Henry. She must learn to be content with an unexciting husband and her less-than-romantic marriage. Her devastation at this realization is complete and leaves her “crying weakly-like an old woman” Thus, the chrysanthemums symbolize Elisa’s role as a woman. First they symbolize her children; later they represent her femininity and sexuality.

Elisa feels frustrated with her life because children and romance are missing in her marriage with Henry. Further, her husband fails to appreciate her womanly qualities and her emotional needs. The encounter with the tinker reawakens her sexuality and brings hope to Elisa for steinbec more exciting and romantic marriage, but her realization that her life is not going to change is crystallized when she sees the flowers thrown on cyrysanthemum road. It devastates her completely to have to settle for such an unfulfilling life.

An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. Lone Star College logo. Submit High School and College Transcripts. Credits earned at Lone Star College transfer to any public college or university in the state. Center for Civic Engagement Being involved in civic activities prepares our students for life after Lone Star College.

Become A Vendor Lone Star College is conducting information sessions for businesses interested in becoming a vendor and doing business. Library Hours and Locations Find the tools you need when doing research. Work Cited Steinbeck, John.


Técnica quirúrgica. Anestesia general, intubación orotraqueal, decúbito dorsal, con rotación cefálica al lado contrario del dolor, craniectomía asterional de. vol número6 Editorial Craneotomía guiada por ultrasonografía bidimensional para . Tipo III: la misma técnica que en el grupo anterior, pero incluyendo el de los pacientes, los resultados y las complicaciones de cada técnica quirúrgica. de los 30 pacientes (craneotomía – 53,3 %; cranectomía – 3,3 %; reparación de La técnica de la duraplastia con poliesteruretano es sencilla: empleamos.

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Surgical treatment of isolated and syndromic craniosynostosis.

Reparación de la duramadre con poliesteruretano

Results and complications in consecutive cases. Resultados y complicaciones en casos consecutivos. Hospital Infantil 12 de Octubre.

To review the results and complications of the surgical treatment of craniosynostosis in consecutive patients treated between and We used the classification of Whitaker et al.

Complications of each technique and time of patients’hospitalization were also recorded. The surgeries were classified in 12 different types according to the techniques used.

Type I comprised endoscopic assisted osteotomies for sagittal synostosis 42 cases. Type II included sagittal suturectomy and expanding osteotomies 46 cases. Type III encompassed procedures similar to type II but that included frontal dismantling or frontal osteotomies in scaphocephaly 59 cases.

Type IV referred to complete cranial vault remodelling holocranial dismantling in scaphocephaly 13 cases. Type V belonged to fronto-orbital remodelling without fronto-orbital bandeau in trigonocephaly 50 cases. Type VI included fronto-orbital remodelling without fronto-orbital bandeau in plagiocephaly 14 cases.

In Type VII cases of plagiocephaly with frontoorbital remodelling and fronto-orbital bandeau were comprised 14 cases.

Abordaje retrosigmoideo

Type VIII consisted of occipital advancement in posterior plagiocephaly 1 case. Type IX included standard bilateral fronto-orbital advancement with expanding osteotomies 30 cases. Type X was used in multi-suture craniosynostosis 15 cases and consisted of holocranial dismantling tecjica cranial vault remodelling.

Type XI included occipital and suboccipital craniectomies in multiple suture craniosynostosis 10 cases and Type XII instances of fronto-orbital distraction 26 cases.

The mortality rate of the series was 2 out of cases 0. These 2 patients died one year after surgery. All complications were resolved without permanent deficit. Mean teccnica at surgery was 6. According craneotokia Whitaker et al’s classification, patients were classified into Category I Regarding to craniofacial conformation, Of the patients with poor results, 6. The most frequent complication was postoperative hyperthermia of undetermined origin The number of complications was higher in the group of re-operated patients In this subset of reoperations, infection accounted for In regard to the surgical procedures, endoscopic assisted osteotomies presented the lowest rate tecnic complications, followed by standard fronto-orbital advancement in multiple synostosis, trigonocephaly and plagiocephaly.

The highest number of complications occurred in complete cranial vault remodelling holocranial dismantling in scaphocephaly and multiple synostoses and after the tecnuca of internal osteogenic distractors. Of note, are two cases of iatrogenic basal encephalocele that occurred after combined fronto-facial distraction. The best results were obtained in patients with isolated craniosynostosis and the worst in cases with syndromic and multi-suture craniosynostosis.

The rate and severity of complications were related to the type of surgical procedure and was higher among patients undergoing re-operations.

The mean time of hospitalization was also modified by these factors. Finally, we report our considerations for the management of craniosynostosis taking into account each specific technique and the age at surgery, uqirurgica rates and the results of the whole series.

La mortalidad de la serie fue de 2 casos entre pacientes. The diagnosis and treatment of craniosynostosis during the last decade have been improved by new and different techniques for diagnosis and surgical treatment. The use of 3-dimensional computerized tomography 3-D CT allows for a better vision of the skull, mostly of the cranial base.

With the new magnetic resonance imaging MRI we can see the anatomic alterations of the posterior region of quiryrgica skull and ascertain their role in the pathophysiology of intracranial hypertension, especially in syndromic craniosynostosis 38, Intracranial pressure ICP monitoring enables the establishment of an appropriate management of these patients. On the other hand, there is no doubt that reabsorbable osteosynthesis has improved the stability of the cranial assemblies, osteogenic distraction has contributed to find further indications in these treatments, and endoscopic approaches have made some of these procedures less invasive 5,24,26, Nevertheless, some problems regarding treatment of craniosynostosis still remain unanswered 6,22,30, Although some reports have addressed the global results of craniosynostosis management 16,17,41most of them are from the last decade of the 20 th century 29,30,41 and, in our opinion, they are not sufficient to establish a universal accepted algorithm of treatment.

The scarcity of available publications dealing with complications is also surprising. In addition, most of them are included in clinical series regarding general aspects of the craniosynostoses 16,41, or dealing with postoperative infection 13,25, To review our experience on the treatment of patients with craniosynostosis seen during the last 9 years, aiming at establishing an algorithm of treatment based on patients’ age at surgery, results and complications arising from the diverse surgical procedures.

The files of patients with craniosynostosis who underwent surgical procedures were retrospectively reviewed. Although our Craniofacial Unit started inour study comprises a 9 year span from to The reasons to choose this period include the widespread use of 3D-CT and MRI for diagnosis, the homogeneity of the surgical techniques utilized and the stability of the staff performing these procedures.

Mean age of patients at the surgery was 6. All patients underwent transcranial procedures, such as diverse craniectomies and osteotomies. Reoperations accounted for 37 of surgical procedures Ten of these procedures were done at the time of the initial treatment posterior fossa craniectomy and occipital dismantling. Cases of facial advancement were not included in this series.

All children received at least two doses of anti-pneumococcal vaccine.

Prophylactic antibiotics were started preoperatively in all instances. We employed the classification of Whitaker and associates 45 to evaluate the surgical results: Complications were classified as cranial or extracranial, including those presenting for quifurgica long time-span that ranged from the immediate postoperative period to long-lasting craniolacunia appearing years after treatment.

Only osteosynthesis reabsorbable material was used. Infection was considered as cranial when either local signs of infection or subgaleal or intracranial swelling with concomitant fever were detected. Therefore, cultures may have been negative as prophylactic antibiotics were used.

On the other hand, to consider an infection as extracranial, cultures must have been positive.

To complete this study, the mean hospital stay was evaluated relating it to each surgical procedure. Surgical procedures were classified into 11 different types: Endoscopic-assisted suturectomy and osteotomies.

We started using this technique inhaving treated by this method 42 children whose mean age at surgery was of 4. The surgical technique Fig. Suturectomy and expanding osteotomies. This technique includes 46 cases whose mean age was 6. Suturectomy and expanding osteotomies including frontal bone remodelling. Suturectomy and expanding osteotomies including frontal bone remodelling Fig. In cases with severe frontal bulging, shell osteotomies in the frontal bone quirugica complete dismantling and remodelling were added to the standard technique type III.

We operated with this procedure 59 patients mean age 6. Total cranial vault remodelling holocranial dismantling consisted of sagittal and bicoronal suturectomies with wide craniotomies for complete remodelling of the quirugrica vault.

We usually carried out this technique in a single stage, changing the child’s position from supine to modified prone Fig. It was performed in 13 patients mean age Frontal remodelling without fronto-orbital “bandeau” Fig. This technique has already been reported from our department 23,32 and consisted of a very low bilateral fronto-orbital craniotomy, drilling of the supra-orbital eminences and transposition of a selected parietal bone.

The arrow shows the bone pieces necessary for a proper assembly. Frontal bilateral remodelling without frontal-orbital “bandeau”. The technique is similar to the previously described 32 and included an extensive pterional resection.

It was used in 16 cases 3 reoperations with a mean patients’ age at surgery of 10 months. Frontal bilateral remodelling with frontal-orbital “bandeau”.

Tratamiento quirúrgico de la neuralgia del nervio trigémino

It was performed in 16 additional cases 3 reoperations whose mean age at surgery was 9. It consisted of a classic fronto-orbital remodelling with tongue-in-groove advancement, fronto-orbital bandeau and parietal to frontal transposition Fig.

Occipital remodelling was performed in a single case by occipital bilateral craniotomy. This method was performed in tenica patients 8 reoperations with a mean age of 9 months and comprised 10 cases with non-syndromic multi-suture craniosynostosis and 15 with craniofacial syndromes 5 Crouzon, 5 Apert, 3 Pfeiffer and 2 Saethre-Chotzen. Standard bilateral fronto-orbital advancement. Holocranial dismantling total vault remodelling.

It consisted of extensive frontal, parietal and occipital craniotomies to achieve a tdcnica vault remodelling performed through a bicoronal incision. As in type V technique used for scaphocephaly, the patient is changed from supine to prone position in the same surgical session. Fifteen children 8 reoperations, mean age of 8. It was performed in 10 cases for the treatment of multiple synostosis of the posterior region of the skull.

Three children suffered from multi-suture nonsyndromic qquirurgica and 7 from craniofacial syndromes 3 with Crouzon’s, 1 with Apert’s, 1 with Pfeiffer’s syndrome and 2 with cloverleaf skull. All of them had ton-sillar herniation at MRI, 2 cases presented cervical syringomyelic cavities and 7 cases developed hydrocephalus. Due to huge venous anomalies of the posterior fossa only in 3 cases could a dural opening be accomplished.

They were used only for fronto-orbital distraction. Patients with scaphocephaly or trigonocephaly that underwent internal distraction were few and were not included in the series.


Anne Querrien studies Urban Sociology and Urban History. Uncorrected, unedited manuscript of Anne Querrien’s talk on the Park Fiction presents: Umsonst & Draussen Symposium, on October 14, Anne Querrien is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Anne Querrien and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes .

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Production of Desires in the Urban Field. My presentation comes from experiments made in France from ann seventies until now in neighbourhoods under transformation1. It is often spoken by power as a negative desire, a preference to passivity, immobilism, anti-modernity.

But it is not simple to say no, because there are lot of forces to say yes. Yes men are not anne technocrats, but one side of nearly everybody. In CERFI we missed largely this artistic dimension, this progressive line to go ahead, except in the issue Three billions queers of our journal Recherches.

But in the other hand this issue fastened our end as a research group commissioned by power structures to think about an alternative world.

Production of Desires in the Urban Field – A Talk by Anne Querrien

We were so convinced that our situation was abnormal, and was going to an end, that we were more searching the end that the way to go on. This is ambivalence of desire and overwhelming power repesentations. The experiment of Alma Gare in Roubaix became a kind of model in making urbanism by listening to the habitants wishes. Again the art line of flight was not qkerrien and the repetitive forces took snne the place.

The professional entered the socialist policy for towns giving their model as the very one to build for the people, which appeared several years after as not true, and not efficient. The leaders of habitants quedrien to individual carreers in the municipality and earned the money giving them the capacity to leave the poor neighbourhood for the rich one!

In AAA more recent things are not closed and research is made in several directions. Gardening with habitants, but habitants have become autonomous with the qnne of Ecobox in a new little land; the public space dimension is reducing, the art perpective too.

Discussion of movies was another experiment, difficult in the new piece of land with no big sheltered space. Collecting desires of habitants in a new little renewal interstice meets the difficulty of producing art with just collection, and the risk of overwhelming by representation fonctions. The other direction which made us meet is internationalisation: From urban opportunities to sensitive fictions In all the exemples given ahead circumstamces created opportunities which could be seized to inscribe no-desires and alter-desires in reality.

For liberalism desires are affordable only through money and by individual grasp. For art production of public spaces desires lie in between people and not in individuals; desires push individuals toward and backward each other; power structures hide those moves behind proeminent individuals and force those to became the private owners of people desires making public space disappear; artists give visibility to thoses moves, querrrien the widest diversity possible.

Artists help people, amd themselves first, to escape power representation, harmony and beauty, unicity, querroen of creation. Our old Webpage http: We will put all content on this page in the future. For the time being, you might find material for your research still easier on the old page.

Production of Desires in the Urban Field – A Talk by Anne Querrien | Park Fiction

Production of Desires in the Urban Field My presentation comes from experiments made in France from the seventies until now in neighbourhoods under transformation1. They refused to be obliged to fill up those hospitals with fools that they helped qufrrien go back to normal life, and they refused to keep on excluding mentally ill people. They publicly said no and this program asked for by trade unions was stopped and new kind of care centers organised.

This is urban field even it does not look like because huge hospitals need huge land and make suburbs in which they are built quasi dead lands, with no value and security problems Any exclusion scheme has the same results So there is also a conjonction of forces to say no- second exemple, the massive one: It is not easy to refuse more comfort, and difficult to imagine alternatives, and then even to say no, because the alternatives are asked for immediately.

Power needs projects, there is no power without projects2. The seconde desire comes from professionals, generallly young, for autonomy in practice, self-oriented work.

My exemples are the ones in which I was personally implied, very few in the lot. CERFI, a social science alternative research center created by Felix Guattari and qeurrien former students, very active in 68 with the idea of work together, do something to change society, work differently with no hierarchy hypothesis of a creativity of non-hierarchical organisationand create a new world in a great anje and great ambition.

Encouragement was given by the story of stopping the hospital program related before. AAA a couple of architects living in Paris and coming from Romamia and searching non authoritative ways od producing archiecture and means of living.

They found the opportunity to manage a derelict land coming from the railway company, before the city of Paris bought it and expelled them elsewhere. Now they appear with the image put annf them as specialist of urban insterstices before renewal.

Producing desire needs a line of flight aggregating desires and preventing architects or urban professionals from becoming mediators between power and habitants, a working element of the power machine. It is necessary to trace little by little an operational line of flight with an utopian dimension and a light institutional, processual managing apparatus, to organise along the situation, transform progressively the relations between holders of desires, the no-habitants and alter-professionals.

As it is stressed in Thousand of plateaus a line of flight is, in French, a schizoid line, a line flying in the air and a line going in the ground, like in the novel of Frantz Qurrien The burrow. The invention of the line is lead by the angst of failure, of power control.

Anne Querrien: Translating, Moving, Caring, Creating |

Managing annne to others and space of retreat at the same time for the core animators is the basis of the creation of public space: I insist on the fact that the animators must have their own space to keep the distance from which they can look to what they do.

Habermas speaks very well of the prerevolutionary France in that perspective. Art, any kind of art by the technics, art as conscious agency of heterogenous elements, art as giving visibility to the invisible, is this line of flight, this productive, transductive practice, instauring the public space, the realm of us and others.

Habermas shows that it can be the art of receiving. It may also be the art of conducing talk groups, of leading palabras like in africa. This art is art as action, process, and not a product. Ane art is both peripheral from power and central to place, to social activity, to human presence. It is one of the form of contemporary art.